Periyar National Park located in Kerala, India. The main attraction of the park is the Indian the elephants and the tigers.

Opportunity to see the Wildlife Heritage of Periyar National Park

By JAGAT : [21/June/24] Periyar National Park is a captivating wilderness destination known for its rich biodiversity, serene landscapes, and vibrant wildlife. Spanning over 925 square kilometers, this renowned wildlife sanctuary is a haven for nature enthusiasts, wildlife photographers, and adventure seekers. Let’s embark on a journey through Periyar National Park and discover its magnificent wildlife heritage.

A Glimpse into Periyar’s Biodiversity

Periyar National Park, also known as Periyar Tiger Reserve, is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. The park’s lush forests, rolling hills, and sprawling grasslands provide a perfect habitat for various species. The centerpiece of the park is the Periyar Lake, a man-made reservoir that attracts a plethora of wildlife, particularly during the dry season when animals gather to quench their thirst.

periyar bamboo rafting

Majestic Mammals

One of the main attractions of Periyar National Park is its population of Indian elephants. These gentle giants can often be seen in herds, roaming freely and playing in the waters of Periyar Lake. The park is also a crucial habitat for the Bengal tiger, though spotting this elusive predator requires patience and a bit of luck. Other notable mammals include the Indian bison (gaur), sambar deer, wild boar, and the endangered lion-tailed macaque.

Avian Wonders

Periyar National Park is a paradise for bird watchers, with over 260 species of birds recorded. The Malabar grey hornbill, great Indian hornbill, and the Nilgiri wood pigeon are some of the endemic species that call this park home. The lake and its surroundings are also frequented by water birds such as the darter, cormorant, and various species of kingfishers.

Reptiles and Amphibians

The park’s rich ecosystem supports a variety of reptiles and amphibians. The king cobra, one of the most venomous snakes in the world, resides in Periyar’s dense forests. The Indian monitor lizard and various species of frogs and toads can also be found here, adding to the park’s ecological diversity.

Activities and Experiences

Periyar National Park offers a range of activities that allow visitors to immerse themselves in its natural beauty and wildlife.

Boat Safaris

One of the most popular ways to explore the park is through a boat safari on Periyar Lake. These boat rides offer a unique vantage point to observe wildlife, especially elephants and birds, in their natural habitat. The serene waters and picturesque surroundings make for a memorable experience.

Guided Treks and Nature Walks

For those who prefer to explore on foot, guided treks and nature walks provide an intimate experience with the park’s flora and fauna. The park offers various trekking routes, ranging from short walks to full-day hikes. The “Periyar Tiger Trail” is a notable trekking program that combines adventure with wildlife conservation efforts.

Bamboo Rafting

Bamboo rafting on Periyar Lake is another thrilling way to experience the park’s tranquil environment. This eco-friendly activity allows visitors to glide silently over the waters, offering a chance to spot wildlife along the shorelines.

Periyar Jeep Safaris

Periyar Jeep safari are available for those who wish to cover more ground and venture deeper into the forest. These safaris offer opportunities to see larger mammals and explore the park’s diverse landscapes.

Conservation Efforts

Periyar National Park is not just a tourist destination but also a crucial site for conservation. The park authorities work tirelessly to protect its diverse ecosystems and endangered species. Community-based ecotourism initiatives involve local tribes in conservation efforts, providing them with sustainable livelihoods while preserving the park’s natural heritage.


Periyar National Park is a testament to the incredible biodiversity and natural beauty of India’s Western Ghats. Its rich wildlife, serene landscapes, and diverse range of activities make it a must-visit destination for nature lovers. Whether you’re exploring its dense forests, cruising on Periyar Lake, or trekking through its hills, Periyar promises an unforgettable adventure into the heart of the wild.