Periyar National Park located in Kerala, India. The main attraction of the park is the Indian the elephants and the tigers.

Flora in Periyar National Park

Periyar National Park is a protected wildlife reserve located in the Western Ghats of Kerala, India. It is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including several endemic species. Some of the flora found in Periyar National Park are:

  • Bamboo: Periyar National Park is known for its extensive bamboo forests. The park has around 15 species of bamboo, including giant bamboo, which can grow up to 40 meters tall.
  • Teak: Teak trees are also found in the park, and they are known for their valuable timber.
  • Rosewood: The Periyar is an abode to the rare and valuable Malabar rosewood tree.
  • Sandalwood: Sandalwood trees, known for their fragrant wood, can also be found in the park.
  • periyar flora
    flora in periyar
  • Indian laurel: Indian laurel, also known as Malabar chestnut, is a large evergreen tree that is found in the park.
  • Vateria indica: This is a large tree that produces resin that is used in the manufacture of varnishes and lacquers.
  • Cardamom: The Periyar National Park is known for its cardamom plantations, which are used to produce the spice.
  • Banyan trees: Several species of banyan trees can be found in the park, including the giant Indian banyan..
  • Orchids: Periyar National Park is home to several species of orchids, including the rare Vanda thwaitesii.
  • Rhododendrons: The Park is also home to several species of rhododendrons, including the beautiful Rhododendron arboreum.

Why Flora has been preserved in Periyar National Park?

Flora is preserved in Periyar National Park because it is an important component of the park's ecosystem and plays a vital role in supporting the park's biodiversity. The park's dense forests provide habitat for a diverse range of wildlife, including elephants, tigers, leopards, and many other species of animals and birds.

flora nagarahole
flora fauna
flora fauna nagarahole

The plants and trees in the park also play a crucial role in maintaining the park's ecological balance. They help to regulate the local climate, prevent soil erosion, and purify the air and water. Moreover, many of the plants in Periyar National Park have medicinal and economic value, and are used by local communities for their livelihoods.

Therefore, preserving the flora in Periyar National Park is essential for maintaining the ecological health and biodiversity of the park, as well as for supporting the local communities that depend on it. The park authorities have implemented various measures to protect the park's flora, including restrictions on logging, poaching, and the use of harmful chemicals and pesticides. They also undertake regular monitoring and conservation efforts to ensure the long-term survival of the park's plant species.